Install LAMP Server (Apache, MySQL or MariaDB, PHP) On Ubuntu 14.04/13.10

Install Apache

Apache is an open-source multi-platform web server. It provides a full range of web server features including CGI, SSL and virtual domains. To install Apache, enter the following command from your terminal: sudo apt-get install apache2 Test Apache: Open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost/ or http://server-ip-address/. You should see Apache Default Page.

Install MySQL

MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases, though SQLite probably has more total embedded deployments sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client During installation, you’ll be asked to setup the MySQL root user password. Enter and re-enter the password and click Ok. Now, MySQL server has been installed. You can verify the MySQL server status using command:
sudo service mysql status
Sample output:
mysql start/running, process 3470

Note: If you want to use MariaDB instead of MySQL, then follow these steps.

MariaDB is a drop in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, scalable and reliable SQL server that comes rich set of enhancements. First you have to remove existing MySQL packages if any. To completely uninstall MySQL along with its configuration files, enter the following command:
sudo apt-get purge mysql*
Run the following command to remove unwanted packages.
sudo apt-get autoremove
Now, add MariaDB repository. Run the following commands to add PPA. Hence, MariaDB 5.5 repository is not yet updated to 14.04, we can use the repository of Ubuntu 13.10 instead.
sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 0xcbcb082a1bb943db
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb http://ftp.yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp/pub/dbms/mariadb/repo/5.5/ubuntu saucy main'
Update the software sources list and install MariaDB using following commands:
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client
During installation you will be asked to set mysql ‘root’ user password. Check if mariadb is running or not, using the following command:
sudo service mysql status
Sample output:* /usr/bin/mysqladmin Ver 9.0 Distrib 5.5.37-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu on i686 Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, Oracle, Monty Program Ab and others. Server version 5.5.37-MariaDB-1~saucy-log Protocol version 10 Connection Localhost via UNIX socket UNIX socket /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock Uptime: 2 min 18 sec Threads: 1 Questions: 566 Slow queries: 0 Opens: 337 Flush tables: 4 Open tables: 24 Queries per second avg: 4.101

Install PHP

PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used open-source general purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML. Install PHP with following command:
sudo apt-get install php5 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5

Test PHP

Create a sample “testphp.php” file in Apache document root folder.
sudo nano /var/www/html/testphp.php
Add the following lines.
< ?php 
phpinfo();
?>
Restart apache2 service:
sudo service apache2 restart
Navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. It will display all the details about php such as version, build date and commands etc. If you want to install all php modules, enter the command sudo apt-get install php* and restart the apache2 service. To verify the modules, open web browser and navigate to http://server-ip-address/testphp.php. You will able to see all installed php modules.
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